World number four Sebastien Grosjean was appointed leader of France’s Davis Cup team.
Grosjean was part of the French team that beat Australia to secure the Davis Cup in 2001.
Before retiring in May 2010, the 40-year-old won four ATP Tour titles.
France were beaten 3-1 by Croatia in the Davis Cup final of November.
“It’s a wonderful pride to be called captain because I have been very attached to the event,” Grosjean added.
“I will work to use this up magnificent challenge”
Next year the Davis Cup’s structure will be replaced with an 18-nation Globe Cup-style event, to be held in Madrid in November 2019.