“It’s so embedded in the culture. The atmosphere that’s created when an game is on, it just adds to the emotional connection. That’s really why I support ahead of England.”

Pavan Patel, 21, is English-born and bred but during England’s World Cup match against on Sunday, he’ll be rooting for .

This cultural clash is not an uncommon thing to hear.

fans born and brought up in England, with family ties to another country, often choose to support their familial country over England.

In 1990, Lord Norman Tebbit, a politician from the Conservative party, controversially suggested that Asian immigrants and their children had not truly integrated into Britain until they supported the England team ahead of their country of origin.

According to the International Council, over 80% of World Cup tickets have been bought by people who live in England, but less than half by people who actually support the England team.

So what are the reasons behind this?

‘It’s a cultural connection’

“It really helps me feel in touch with my n roots. It’s one of those things you’re raised into,” Pavan tells Radio 1 Newsbeat.

For many young British Asians, family and go hand in hand.

“From a young age I’ve always just seen n on TV. So the whole family get together and watch ’s game. It’s an electric buzz.”

Pavan says the attachment he feels to the n team is because of a “similar culture and background”.

“So growing up it’s a cultural connection that I just didn’t share with the England team.”

‘I just don’t fit in here’

For 28-year-old Pakistan fan Annie Hayat, more diversity in the England team when she was growing up would have made all the difference.

“I would’ve felt more related and connected to the English team than I currently do.

“When I was growing up, I didn’t get to see much of that [Asian people] in the team. You felt like ‘I just don’t fit in here’ so you just steer towards the Pakistan team.”

With the likes of Moeen Ali and Adil Rashid playing regularly, Annie does recognise that Asians are now “represented a bit more” in the England team.

But it’s not just about ethnic representation.

A story of ‘rags to riches’

in England is seen as a sport for the ‘elite’ – with 43% of men playing international for England going to private school, according to a report by the Sutton Trust and Social Mobility Commission.

“With the English players, I’ve not heard of many working-class stories, it’s more of a selective group that I can’t identify with,” says 23-year-old Sagar Ghelani, an English-born fan.

“But for n ers, I’ve heard the stories of rags to riches, where they’ve come up in poverty and had to toil.”

Sagar finds the stories of n stars like Sachin Tendulkar and MS Dhoni “inspiring”.

Dhoni was a ticket collector for the n railways and has gone on to captain to multiple trophies, becoming a worldwide icon along the way.

“They really followed their passion, their dream and became ers. I can feel that,” Sagar adds.

The hate crime effect:

For many older immigrants, facing racism and discrimination when they first arrived in England was a big reason for not supporting the team.

But is that the case for the next generation?

Not for 23-year-old Sia Najumi, who is an Afghanistan fan.

“I wouldn’t say my support stems from the consequences of hate crime. It’s my parents’ country and I’m proud they’ve qualified, which is why I support them.”

Sia does say however that the reported rise in hate crime in the last five years has “driven” her closer to her Afghan culture and community – including the team.

“It does feel like there’s this invisible wall and an ongoing division between my culture and the English community.”

The latest statistics from the government show the number of hate crimes recorded by the police has increased by 123% since 2012/13, with 94,098 offences in 2017/18.

Pavan says that while hate crime hasn’t affected his support, “the current political atmosphere is probably not going to encourage” the future generation of British Asians to support England.

So going back to Lord Tebbit’s test, does not supporting England in mean you’re not integrated?

Not according to Sagar.

“It’s an easy link to make between supporting a team and not being a proper part of the country.”

Sagar says he considers himself English, supports them in football and loves the NHS.

But he supports the n team because they “connect” with him in a way the English team doesn’t.

“Supporting a team doesn’t necessarily reflect what your view of a particular country is.”

Is a special case?

Many of those who support Asian teams like and Pakistan in , support England in every other sport they follow.

A survey by ComRes and BBC Asian Network found 77.19% of British Asians born in the UK support the home nations in international football tournaments.

According to Pavan, supporting a team in any sport is about feeling a “relatable” connection to them.

“Growing up here, you’re just surrounded by football and everyone supporting England. That whole environment fed through to me.”

A greater diversity of backgrounds in football has also “made a huge impact”.

“You see people from every background which reflects the entire country. Someone like , I’ve heard about his background and struggles.

“So I think you see yourself more in the England football team than the team.”

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